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Nepal

 

In Nepal, iguacu recommends:
Plan-International_Nepal_iguacu

Our network of experts recommends you support Plan International (501c3). Plan has been based in Nepal for over thirty years with field offices in areas severely impacted by the earthquake. So in the wake of the crisis of April 25 they were well placed to leap into action effectively drawing on strong local community connections.

With the needs of children and the most vulnerable communities as a priority, Plan is supporting hundreds of families, whose homes have either completely collapsed or have been extensively damaged. They are providing safe shelter, emergency materials (tarpaulins and ropes), protection, warm clothing, food, health support, education, temporary learning centres and clean water. Plan’s teams have so far supported more than 255,000 people, 106,000 of them being children.

Hit Take Action below to support the Nepalese people this winter. Plan’s appeal on iguacu is restricted to Nepal. Please note, iguacu does not touch your donation, 100% goes directly to the recommended organisation.

 

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Nepal’s nadir

The earthquakes and nearly 300 aftershocks in Nepal since April 2015 have killed more than 8,700 people, injured 20,000 more, and have caused widespread devastation in an already impoverished country.

The Nepalese, famous for their warmth and hospitality despite very limited means, have endured a challenging year. Still recovering from devastating earthquakes, they are now in the midst of a blockade at the Indian border, which is making matters worse this winter.

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The crisis

On the 25th of April, 2015, an earthquake of magnitude 7.8 struck Nepal. The quake together with a number of huge aftershocks flattened some 600 villages, triggering massive landslides and avalanches across one of Nepal’s most heavily populated hill regions. Additional aftershocks severely affected remote rural areas many of which are difficult to reach.

Whole villages were reduced to rubble, a large proportion of Nepal’s architectural heritage was seriously damaged or destroyed, and half a million people were left homeless. It is estimated that 8 million people have been affected by the disaster – representing over a quarter of Nepal’s population.

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The humanitarian responders have been overwhelmed by the scale of the disaster. Difficult terrain and sometimes bureaucratic impediments have led to delays in reaching hard-hit regions. Staff have been overstretched due to the scattered patterns of livelihoods in the rural areas.

Months after the major quakes, just as the humanitarian relief was beginning to catch up with the needs of the population, Nepal was confronted with another crisis. Today, nationwide fuel shortages, caused by months of blockades along the border with India, mean life for many people in Nepal is even more precarious.

The delivery of food, fuel, medicine, and construction materials for shelter, particularly to the hard-hit and colder high-elevation regions, has been halted. Millions of people, obliged to face the harsh winter without adequate supplies, are in a life-threatening situation.

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The situation on the ground

Thousands of Nepalese people are still displaced, without insulated shelters or ways to get food. Many children have no access to school or a safe environment to live in. These families are completely dependent on aid to survive.

Moreover, in early October 2015, Nepal’s scant fuel reserves neared exhaustion and the government was forced to introduce fuel rationing. Since then, the effects have spread to every sector. At local markets, food prices have gone up by 30 to 100 percent. Getting petrol or other rationed supplies requires waiting for hours, or even days, or paying black market rates out of reach for most Nepalese. Ambulances don’t have enough petrol to operate, hospitals are running out of supplies, social services are severely restricted.

Pic1_Guido Dingemans

Lack of essential medicines and vaccines together with the shortfall of adequate food and the protection from the cold will also disproportionately affect children. According to UNICEF, as many as 3 million children are at risk of hypothermia and malnutrition. The shortfall in life-saving supplies could be a potentially deadly combination for children this winter.

Which sectors need your help?

Our network of experts recommends a multi-sectoral approach. The Nepalese population is in dire need of shelter, food, water, clothes and protection. This winter, millions living in temporary housing are struggling to ensure their homes are warm enough. That would be no easy task in the best of times – most of the shelters are made of corrugated iron and tarp, materials that do not trap heat in the cold weather – but now weatherproofing is nearly impossible.

Those affected need insulated shelter, food, water, warm clothes, livelihood support, access to education and health services. Communities also need help getting back on their feet: rebuilding homes and schools, returning to work and receiving psychosocial support.

Photo Credits (top to bottom): Laurent Moose / CC BY-ND 2.0, Asian Development Bank / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, IOM / CC BY-NC-ND 2.0,  Samenwerkende Hulporganisaties / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0, Map: World Factbook

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